El humor y la dimensión creativa en la psicoterapia

  • Javier Martín Camacho Universidad de Buenos Aires
Palabras clave: Humor, Creatividad, Psicoterapia

Resumen

En el presente trabajo se realiza un recorrido por las principales teorías del humor relacionándolas con diferentes concepciones sobre la creatividad. Finalmente se presentan algunas indicaciones para el uso del humor en la psicoterapia, señalando los aspectos positivos y negativos del mismo.

Citas

Alemany, C. & Cabestrero, R. (2002). Desarrollo del humor: estudios e investigaciones. En Idígoras, A. (Ed.). El valor terapéutico del humor. Bilbao: Desclée de Brouwer.

Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Apte, M. (1985). Humor and laughter: an anthropological approach. Ithaca, NY, EE.UU. Cornell University Press. Citado por Buckman, E. (Comp.). (1994). The handbook of humor: clinical applications in psychoterapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.

Bergson, H. (1900). [1992]. La risa. Buenos Aires: Editorial Tor.

Buckman, E. (1980). The use of humor in psychotherapy. Boston University: Buckman, E. (1980). The use of humor in psychotherapy. Boston University: Dissertation Abstracts International, 41 (5-B), 1715.

Buckman, E. (comp.). (1994). The handbook of humor: clinical applications in psychoterapy. Malabar. Florida: Krieger Publishing Company.

Burma, J. (1946). Humor as a technique in race conflict. American sociological review, 11, 710-715.

Buxman, K. (1991). Humor in therapy for the mental ill. Journal of Psychosocial nursing, 29 (12), 15-18.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1998). Creatividad. El fluir y la psicología del descubrimiento y la invención. Barcelona: Paidós.

Dimmer, S., Carroll, J. & Wyatt, K. (1990). Uses of humor in psychotherapy. Psychological Reports, 66, 795-801.

Dunkelblau, E., McRay, B. & McFadden, M. (2001). “Funny ... you don’t sound like a supervisor!” The use of humor in psychotherapy supervision. En W. A. Salameh, & W. F. Fry Jr. (Eds.). Humor and wellness in clinical intervention. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Dupont, R. & Prentice, N. (1988). The relation of defensive style and thematic content to children ́s enjoyment and comprehension of joking and riddles. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58:2, 249-259.

Elitzur, C. (1990). Humor, play and neurosis: The power of confinement. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 3(1), 29-31.

Freud, S. (1928). [1987]. El humor. Buenos Aires: V.17. Hyspamerica.

Freud, S. (1905). [1987]. El chiste y su relación con lo incosciente. Buenos Aires: V. 5. Hyspamerica.

Fry, W. (1968). Sweet Madness: A Study of Humor. Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books.

Fry, W. & Salameh, W. (1987). Handbook of Humor and Psychotherapy: Advances in the Clincial Use of Humor. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange.

Fry, W. (1992). Physiologic effects of humor mirth, and laughter. Journal of the American Medical Association, 267(13), 1857-1858.

Fry, W. & Salameh, W. (1993). Advances in Humor and Psychotherapy. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange.

Fry, W. & Salameh, W. (2001). Humor and Wellness in Clinical Intervention. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Goldstein, J. & McGhee, P. (1972). The psychology of humor. New York: Academic.

Greenwald, H. (1967). Play therapy for children over twenty-one. Psychotherapy: theory, research, and practice. Pp. 44-46. Citado por Buckman, E. (Comp.). (1994). The handbook of humor: clinical applications in psychoterapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.

Hobbes, T. (1677). [1985]. Leviatan. México DF: Fondo de Cultura Económica. Kant, I. (1791). [1981]. Crítica del Juicio. New York: Hafner.

Keith Spiegel, P. (1972). Early conceptions of humor: varieties and issue: The psychology of humor. (Eds.). Goldstein y McGhee. New York: Academic.

Killinger, B. (1987). Humor in psychotherapy: A shift to a new perspective. En Fry W. Jr. & Salameh, W. (Eds.). Handbook of humor and psychotherapy: Advances in the clinical use of humor. Pp. 21-40. Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Exchange.

Koestler, A. (1964). The act of creation. New York: Macmillan.

Kubie, L. (1971). The destructive potential of humor in psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 127, 861-866.

Lopez, Shane J. (Ed); Snyder, C. R. (Ed). (2003). Sense of humor in Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. (pp. 313-326). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Mackoff, B. (1990). Humor as a professional tool. Executive female, 11/12, 56-69. Martin, R. (2001). Humor, laughter, and physical health: Methodological issues and research findings. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 504-519.

Martin, R. (2003). Sense of humor. En Lopez, S. & Snyder, C. (Eds.). Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.

McGhee, P. (1979). Humor: Its origin and development. San Francisco, CA: Freeman & Co. McGhee, P. & Goldstein, J. (Eds.). (1983). The Handbook of Humor Research. Volumes I y II. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Mindess, H. & Turek J. (Eds.) (1980). The study of humor. Los Angeles, CA: Antioch University.

Mindess, H. (2001). The use of humor in psychotherapy. En Salameh, W. & Fry W. Jr. (Eds.). Humor and wellness in clinical intervention. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Nevo, O. (2001). Humor in career counseling. En W. Fry y W. Salameh (Eds.). Humor and Wellness in Clinical Intervention. Pp. 109-132. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Papp, P. (1982). Staging reciprocal metaphors in a couple group. Family process, 21, 453-467.

Papp, P. (1985). El salto creativo. Los eslabones entre la creatividad clínica y artística. Sistemas Familiares. Año 1. No 2.

Piddington, R. (1962). [1995]. Psicología de la risa: Un estudio sobre adaptación social. Buenos Aires: Leviatán.

Robinson, V. (1970). Humor in nursing. American Journal of Nursing, 70:5, 1065-1069.

Robinson, V. (1977). Humor and the health professions. Thorofare., NJ: Charles Stack.

Ruch, W. (1992). Assesment of appreciation of humor: Studies with the 3 WD humor test. Spielberg C. & Butcher, J. (Eds.). Advances in personality assessment 9. Hillsdale; NJ: Erlbaum.

Ruch, W. (1998). The Sense of Humor. Explorations of a Personality Characteristic. Humor Research 3. Berlín: Mouton de Gruyter.

Schmidt, N. E. & Williams, D. (1971). The evolution of theories of humor. Journal of Behavioral Science, 1, 95-106.

Schopenhauer, A. (1819). [1977]. The world as will and idea. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Schwartzman, H. (Ed.). (1980). Play and culture. 1978 proceedings of the association for the antropological study of play. West Point, EE.UU. Leisure. Citado por Buckman, E. (Comp.). (1994). The handbook of humor: clinical applications in psychoterapy. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company.

Sherman, L. (1988). Humor and social distance in elementary school children. Humor, 1:4, 389-404.

Simon, J. (1988). Humor and the older adult: Implications for nursing. Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice, 13, 441-446.

Sternberg, R. y Lubart, T. (1995). La creatividad en una cultura conformista. Un desafío a las masas. Barcelona: Paidós.

Sultanoff, S. (2003). Integrating humor into psychotherapy. En Schaefer, E. (Ed.). (2003). Play therapy with adults. Pp. 107-143. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Thomson, B. (1990). Apropriate and inappropriate uses of humor in psychotherapy as perceived by certified reality therapist: a Delphi Study. Journal of Reality Therapy, 10, 59-65.

Vaillant, G. (2000). Adaptive mental mechanisms: Their role in a positive psychology. American Psychologist, 55(1), 89-98.

Weisberg, R. (1987). Creatividad. Barcelona: Labor.

Ziv, A. (1984). Personality and sense of humor. New York: Springer.

Publicado
2006-12-01
Cómo citar
Camacho, J. M. (2006). El humor y la dimensión creativa en la psicoterapia. Psicodebate, 6, 45-58. https://doi.org/10.18682/pd.v6i0.440