Patrones y peculiaridades del apego romántico en adultos de 62 regiones culturales: ¿Son los Modelos de Sí Mismo y Otros constructos panculturales?

  • David Schmitt Bradley University
  • Martín Nader Secretaria de Ciencia y Tecnología de la Nación
  • María Martina Casullo CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires
Palabras clave: Modelo de Sí Mismo, Modelo del Otro,

Resumen

Como parte del proyecto internacional de descripción de la sexualidad, un total de 17804 participantes de 62 regiones culturales completaron el Relationship Questionnaire, un autoinforme que mide el apego romántico en adultos. Diversos análisis correlacionales hechos dentro de cada cultura sugieren que las escalas modelo de sí mismo y modelo de otro del RQ son psicométricamente validas en la mayoría de las culturas estudiadas. Contrario a lo esperado, las dimensiones modelo de sí mismo y modelo de otro del RQ no integran el modelo de cuatro categorías de apego de la misma manera en todas las culturas. Distintos análisis específicos sobre estilos de apego mostraron que el apego seguro normativo está presente en el 79 % de las culturas, mientras que el apego romántico preocupado es especialmente prevalente en culturas del sudeste asiático. Finalmente, los perfiles de apego de las distintas naciones están correlacionados con indicadores socioculturales de manera que confirman empíricamente teorías evolutivas sobre apego romántico y estrategias humanas básicas de elección de pareja. 

Citas

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Publicado
2004-12-01
Cómo citar
Schmitt, D., Nader, M., & Casullo, M. M. (2004). Patrones y peculiaridades del apego romántico en adultos de 62 regiones culturales: ¿Son los Modelos de Sí Mismo y Otros constructos panculturales?. Psicodebate, 4, 105-129. https://doi.org/10.18682/pd.v4i0.497