Análisis de Modelos Rivales Unidimensionales y Bidimensionales de la Escala Breve de Autocontrol en Estudiantes Universitarios Argentinos

  • Sebastian Jesús Garrido Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología. Córdoba, Argentina. INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES PSICOLOGICAS (IIPSI)-CONICET
  • Franco Cortez Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología. Córdoba, Argentina.
  • Karin Arbach Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología. Córdoba, Argentina. INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES PSICOLOGICAS (IIPSI)-CONICET
  • Marcos Cupani Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Facultad de Psicología. Córdoba, Argentina. INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES PSICOLOGICAS (IIPSI)-CONICET
Palabras clave: autocontrol, Escala Breve de Autocontrol (BSCS), modelos rivales, análisis factorial confirmatorio, consumo de sustancias


La Escala Breve de Autocontrol (BSCS, por sus siglas en inglés) es un instrumento de autoinforme ampliamente utilizado para evaluar el autocontrol. Sin embargo, existen desacuerdos respecto a su estructura interna. En este trabajo se realizaron una serie de análisis factoriales confirmatorios (AFC) con el fin de comparar estructuras uni y bidimensionales en una muestra de 848 estudiantes universitarios argentinos (663 mujeres y 185 varones), con un rango etario comprendido entre 18 y 30 años. De manera complementaria, se evaluó la consistencia interna, el ajuste de los modelos teóricos propuestos sobre la estructura interna de la escala, y se realizó un estudio de evidencia de validez de grupos contrastados. A partir de los resultados, se concluyó que el modelo post hoc unidimensional propuesto por Tangney, Baumeister y Boone (2004) es la opción que mejores propiedades psicométricas presentó para ser utilizado con fines de investigación en muestras de estudiantes universitarios argentinos.


La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.


Bentler, P. M. (2006). EQS 6 Structural equations program manual. Encino, CA: Multivariate Software, Inc.

Brevers, D., Foucart, J., Verbanck, P., & Turel, O. (2017). Examination of the validity and reliability of the French versionof the Brief Self-Control Scale. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 49(4), 243-250.

Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Second Edition. Hillsdate, NJ: LEA.

Cupani, M. (2012). Análisis de ecuaciones estructurales: conceptos, etapas de desarrollo y un ejemplo de aplicación. Revista Tesis, 1, 186-199.

De Ridder, D., De Boer, B., Lugtig, P., Bakker, A., & Van Hooft, E. (2011). Not doing bad things is not equivalent to doing the right thing: Distinguishing between inhibitory and initiatory self-control. Personality and Individual Differences, 50, 1006–1011.

De Ridder, D., Lensvelt-Mulders, G., Finkenauer, C. F., Stok, M., & Baumeister, R. F. (2012).Taking stock of self-control: A meta-analysis of how trait self-control relates to a wide range of behaviors. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 16, 76–99.

Duckworth, A. L., Gendler, T. S., & Gross, J. J. (2016). Situational strategies for self-control. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11(1), 35-55.

Duckworth, A. L. & Kern, M. L. (2011). A meta-Analysis of the convergent validity of self-control measures. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 259-268.

Ferrari, J. R., Stevens, E. B., & Jason, L. A. (2009). The relationship of self-control and abstinence maintenance: An exploratory analysis of self-regulation. Journal of Groups in Addiction and Recovery, 4, 32–41.

Fornell, C. & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 18(1), 39-50.

Garrido, S., Cupani, M., & Arbach, K. (2017). Aplicación del Modelo de Escala de Clasificación Para Examinar las Propiedades Psicométricas de la Self-Control Scale. Psykhe, 26(2), 1-12.

George, D. & Mallery, P. (2012). IBM SPSS Statistics 21 step by step: A simple guide and reference (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

Job, V., Friese, M., & Bernecker, K. (2015). Effects of practicing self-control on academic performance. Motivation Science, 1(4), 219-232.

Konttinen, H., Haukkala, A., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S., Silventoinen, K., & Jousilahti, P. (2009). Eating styles, self-control and obesity indicators. The moderating role of obesity status and dieting history on restrained eating. Appetite, 53(1), 131-134.

Lindner, C., Nagy, G., & Retelsdorf, J. (2015). The dimensionality of the Brief Self-Control Scale—An evaluation of unidimensional and multidimensional applications. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 465-473.

Ludwig, V. U., Stelzel, C., Krutiak, H., Prunkl, C. E., Steimke, R., Paschke, L. M., … & Walter, H. (2013). Impulsivity, self-control, and hypnotic suggestibility. Consciousness and cognition, 22(2), 637-653.

Maloney, P. W., Grawitch, M. J., & Barber, L. K. (2012). The multi-factor structure of the Brief Self-Control Scale: Discriminant validity of restraint and impulsivity. Journal of Research in Personality, 46(1), 111–115.

Malouf, E., Stuewig, J., & Tangney, J. (2012). Self-control and jail inmates' substance misuse post-release: Mediation by friends' substance use and moderation by age. Addictive Behaviors, 37(11), 1198-1204.

McDonald, R. P. (1999). Test theory: A unified treatment. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Morean, M. E., DeMartini, K. S., Leeman, R. F., Pearlson, G. D., Anticevic, A., Krishnan-Sarin, S., ... & O’Malley, S. S. (2014). Psychometrically improved, abbreviated versions of three classic measures of impulsivity and self-control. Psychological assessment, 26(3), 1003-1020.

Muthén, B., & Kaplan, D. (1985). A comparison of some methodologies for the factor analysis of non-normal Likert variables. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38, 171–189.

Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2011). Mplus user’s guide (5th ed.) Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.

Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Prado, C. E., Treeby, M. S., & Crowe, S. F. (2015). Examining relationships between facial emotion recognition, self-control, and psychopathic traits in a non-clinical sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 80, 22-27.

Tabachnick, B. G., Fidell, L. S., & Osterlind, S. J. (2001). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Allyn and Bacon

Tangney, J. P., Baumeister, R. F., & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72, 271–322.

Turanovic, J. J., Reisig, M. D., & Pratt, T. C. (2015). Risky lifestyles, low self-control, and violent victimization across gendered pathways to crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31(2), 183-206.

Unger, A., Bi, C., Xiao, Y. Y., & Ybarra, O. (2016). The revising of the Tangney Self-Control Scale for Chinese students. PsyCh journal, 5(2), 101-116.

Universidad Nacional de Cordoba (2016). Anuario estadístico 2016. Cordoba: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.

Visser, L., de Winter, A. F., Veenstra, R., Verhulst, F. C., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2013). Alcohol use and abuse in young adulthood: Do self-control and parents' perceptions of friends during adolescence modify peer influence? The TRAILS study. Addictive Behaviors, 38(12), 2841-2846.

Will Crescioni, A., Ehrlinger, J., Alquist, J. L., Conlon, K. E., Baumeister, R. F., Schatschneider, C., & Dutton, G. R. (2011). High trait self-control predicts positive health behaviors and success in weight loss. Journal of health psychology, 16(5), 750-759.

Yu C. Y. & Muthén B. (2002). Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes (Technical Report). Los Angeles: University of California at Los Angeles, Graduate School of Education & Information Studie

Zinbarg, R. E., Revelle, W., Yovel, I., & Li. W. (2005). Cronbach's Alpha, Revelle's Beta, McDonald's Omega: Their relations with each and two alternative conceptualizations of reliability. Psychometrika. 70, 123-133.

Zinbarg, R. E., Yovel, I., Revelle, W., & McDonald, R. (2006). Estimating generalizability to a universe of indicators that all have one attribute in common: A comparison of estimators for omega. Applied Psychological Measurement, 30, 121-144.

Cómo citar
Garrido, S. J., Morán, V., Azpilicueta, A. E., Cortez, F., Arbach, K., & Cupani, M. (2018). Análisis de Modelos Rivales Unidimensionales y Bidimensionales de la Escala Breve de Autocontrol en Estudiantes Universitarios Argentinos. Psicodebate, 18(2), 26-37.